SNMP Trap Trigger

Description

Launches a task when a SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) trap is received. A trap is a message sent by an agent to a management system indicating that an event has occurred on the host running the agent. This trigger accepts filters which can be specified to monitor for specific traps.

IMPORTANT: Use of the SNMP trigger requires a fundamental comprehension of SNMP, its required protocol data units (PDU) and other related terms, such as NMS or MIB.  

Practical Usage

Used to integrate tasks with other network systems management software.

Related Topics  

Parameters

General

Property

Type

Description

Agent IP Address

Options

Indicates the type of SNMP trap the trigger should react to. The available options are:

  • Any (default) - The task will run when an SNMP trap is received from any host with no IP address restrictions.

  • Specific - The trigger will only react to SNMP traps received from a host within a specified IP address range. Enter the starting and ending IP addresses (within the range of acceptable IP addresses) in the IP Range Start  and IP Range End parameters.

IP range start

Number

The starting IP address within the range of acceptable IP addresses. The trigger will act on SNMP traps received from IP addresses that fall between the IP Range Start and IP Range End values. This parameter is active only if the Agent IP address parameter is set to a specific host.

IP range end

Number

The ending IP address within the range of acceptable IP addresses. The trigger will act on SNMP traps received from IP addresses that fall between the IP Range Start and IP Range End values. This parameter is active only if the Agent IP address parameter is set to a specific host.

Community

Options

Indicates which SNMP trap the trigger should react to in relation to the community it originated from. The available options are:

  • Any (default) - The trigger will react to SNMP traps received from any host with no community restrictions.

  • Specific - The trigger will only react to SNMP traps received from a host within the specified community.

Specific community

Text

The specific community that the trap must originate from in order to trigger the task. This parameter is active only if the Community parameter is set to Specific.

Enterprise OID

Options

Indicates which SNMP trap the trigger should react to in relation to the enterprise OID it originated from. The available options are:

  • Any (default) - The trigger will react to SNMP traps received from any enterprise OID with no enterprise OID restrictions.

  • Specific - The trigger will react to SNMP traps received from a host within the specified enterprise OID.

Specific Enterprise OID

Text

The enterprise OID that the trap must originate from in order to trigger the task. To display the value, click the Translate button. This parameter is active only if the Enterprise OID parameter is set to Specific.

Trap generic type

Options

Denotes selection of a specific trap intended for a generic type to filter. The available options are:

  • Any (default) - Any type of event.

  • Cold start - Reinitialization of the agent with alteration of configuration.

  • Warm start - Reinstallation of the agent without alteration of configuration.

  • Link down - Failure in one of the communication links.

  • Link up - Restoration of one of the communication links.

  • Authentication failure - Reception of a protocol message not properly authenticated.

  • EGP neighbor loss - Loss of an EGP peer relationship of the EGP protocol.

  • Enterprise specific - An enterprise-specific event.

Trap type code

Options

Indicates which SNMP trap the trigger should react to in relation to the code it originated from. The available options are:

  • Any - The trigger will listen to traps sent with any code.

  • A specific code - The trigger will only listen for traps sent with the code specified in the Trap specific type code parameter.

Trap specific type code

Text

The trap code that the trap must originate from in order to trigger the task. This parameter is active only if the Trap type code parameter is set to Specific.

Use string notation for OID

Text

If enabled, specifies that string notation is used for object identifiers (enabled by default).

Use string notation for timetick values

Yes/No

If set to YES, specifies that string notation is used for timetick values (set to YES by default).

AUthentication

Property

Type

Description

Accept authenticated traps from these users

Text

Indicates the user(s) in which to accept authenticated traps from. Enter the required user information in the provided field. Multiple users can be specified.

Accept unauthenticated version 3 traps

Yes/No

If set to YES, unauthenticated version 3 traps will be accepted (set to NO by default).

Behavior

Property

Type

Description

Enable trigger

Yes/No

If set to YES, specifies that the trigger is operational and will react to any trigger events that occur. If set to NO, specifies that the trigger is inactive and will not react to any trigger events (set to YES by default).

Trigger after the condition has been met 'X' times.

Number

If enabled, specifies how many times the monitored event must be met before the task is started (enabled by default).

Additional Notes

AMTrigger

When this trigger is activated, it automatically passes the AMTrigger object to the task. AMTrigger is a standard AutoMate dataset and can be used much like the datasets created by the SQL Query and Email actions. The fields of AMTrigger can be used within a task to determine specific values, such as whether or not the task was started by a trigger, which trigger started the task, when the trigger was activated and other properties. AMTrigger populates a unique set of field–value pairs for each AutoMate trigger. The following table lists the ones specific to this trigger. For more details about a specific AMTrigger field–value pair, click the associated link.

Name

Data Type

Return Value

AMTrigger.BindingVarNumber

Number

Returns the total number of variables that were sent with the SNMP trap.

AMTrigger.Community

String

Returns the community specified in the SNMP trap when the task was triggered.

AMTrigger.GenericType

String

Returns the generic type for the SNMP trap when the task was triggered.

AMTrigger.Host

String

Returns the host specified in the SNMP trap when the task was triggered.

AMTrigger.SpecificType

String

Returns the specific type for the SNMP trap that triggered the task.

AMTrigger.TimeStamp

String

Returns the timestamp specified in the SNMP trap when the task was triggered.

AMTrigger.VarName[i]

String

Returns the associated variable name that was sent with the SNMP trap. Use AMTrigger.BindingVarNumber to find the total number of available variables. To use this property, simply append the number to the end if the property name - it is not an array. (Example %AMTrigger.VarName2%)

AMTrigger.VarSyntax[i]

String

Returns the associated variable syntax (such as integer) that was sent with the SNMP trap. Use AMTrigger.BindingVarNumber to find the total number of available variables. To use this property, simply append the number to the end if the property name - it is not an array. (Example: %AMTrigger.VarSyntax2%)

AMTrigger.VarValue[i]

String

Returns the associated variable value that was sent with the SNMP trap. Use AMTrigger.BindingVarNumber to find the total number of available variables. To use this property, simply append the number to the end if the property name - it is not an array. (Example: %AMTrigger.VarValue2%)

 

NOTE: A full list of AMTrigger objects exclusive to each trigger can be viewed from the Expression Builder by expanding Objects -> Triggers and selecting the desired trigger.